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Falconidae
Họ Cắt

隼科
sǔn kē

隼科
zhǔn kē

ハヤブサ科
hayabusa ka

วงศ์เหยี่ยวปีกแหลม
woŋ yìaw pìik-lăeem

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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Vietnamese name for the falcons is Chim cắt. The falconets (Polihierax and Microhierax) are known simply as Chim cắt nhỏ or 'small falcons'.

Culture:

The Vietnamese idiom nhanh như cắt 'quick as a falcon' is equivalent to 'quick as a flash'. The Vietnamese word cắt, pronounced with a short, sharp rise in intonation, gives a greater impression of briskness and speed than English 'falcon'.

Chữ Nôm

Characters used for falconids in the now obsolete Chữ Nôm characters include:

Name Chữ Nôm
Images from the Vietnamese Nôm Preservation Foundation dictionary. (Errors are the sole responsibility of the author of this site)
Cắt chu nom for cat

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
FALCONINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
FALCONINI
Polihierax
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Polihierax insignis
Neohierax insignis
link to photo
White-rumped Falcon
Feilden's Falconet

Fauconnet à collier
Chim Cắt nhỏ họng trắng
'white-throated small falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
Cắt nhỏ hông trắng
'white-rumped small falcon (bird)'
白腰侏隼
(白腰侏隼)
bái-yāo zhū sǔn
'white-rumped pygmy falcon' (4)
缅甸侏隼
(緬甸侏隼)
miǎndiàn zhū sǔn
'Burmese pygmy falcon' (5)
ハイイロヒメハヤブサ
(灰色姫隼)
hai-iro hime hayabusa
'grey-coloured princess falcon'
เหยี่ยวเล็กตะโพกขาว
yìaw lék tà-pʰôok-kʰăaw
'white-rumped small hawk'
   
Microhierax
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Microhierax caerulescens
link to photolink to photo
Collared falconet
Red-thighed falconet

Fauconnet à collier
Chim Cắt nhỏ bụng hung
'reddish-bellied small falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
  红腿小隼
(紅腿小隼)
hóng-tuǐ xiǎo sǔn
'red-legged small falcon'
モモアカヒメハヤブサ
(股赤姫隼)
momo-aka hime hayabusa
'red-thighed princess falcon'
เหยี่ยวแมลงปอขาแดง
yìaw ma-laeeng-poaa kʰăa-daeeŋ
'red-legged dragonfly-hawk'
   
Microhierax melanoleucos
link to photo
Pied falconet
White-legged falconet

Fauconnet noir et blanc
Chim Cắt nhỏ bụng trắng
'white-bellied small falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  白腿小隼
(白腿小隼)
bái-tuǐ xiǎo sǔn
'white-legged small falcon'
or
小隼
(小隼)
xiǎo sǔn
'small falcon' (alt in 1)
マダラヒメハヤブサ
(斑姫隼)
madara hime hayabusa
'spotted princess falcon'
    
Falco
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Falco tinnunculus
link to photolink to photo
Common kestrel
Eurasian kestrel
Kestrel

Faucon crécerelle
Chim Cắt lưng hung
'reddish-backed falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  红隼
(紅隼)
hóng sǔn
'red falcon'
Taiwan:
(红隼)
紅隼
hóng zhǔn
'red falcon'
チョウゲンボウ
(長元坊)
chōgenbō
'kestrel'
เหยี่ยวเคสเตรล
yìaw kʰee-sà-trĕen
'kestrel hawk' (kʰee-sà-trĕen from English 'kestrel')
Burung Helang Kestrel
'kestrel hawk (bird)' (kestrel from English) (26)
Burung Falko Padang
'field falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco') (25)
Burung Falko Serani
'Christian falcon (bird)' (serani ~ nasrani from Arabic, formerly also meant 'Portuguese'; falko from Latin 'falco') (24)
Burung Alap-alap Erasia
'Eurasian falcon (bird)' (from Javanese alap-alap 'hawk')
Falco amurensis
link to photo
Amur falcon
Eastern red-footed falcon
Manchurian red-footed falcon
Red-legged falcon

Faucon de l'Amour
Chim Cắt Amur
'Amur falcon (bird)' (13)
Chim Cắt Amua
'Amur falcon (bird)' (34)
  红脚隼
(紅腳隼)
hóng-jiǎo sǔn
'red-footed falcon' (1, 2, 4, 5)
阿穆尔隼
(阿穆爾隼)
āmū'ěr sǔn
'Amur falcon' (3)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(红脚隼)
紅腳隼
hóng-jiǎo zhǔn
'red-footed falcon'
アカアシチョウゲンボウ
(赤足長元坊)
aka-ashi chōgenbō
'red-legged kestrel'
เหยี่ยวตีนแดง
yìaw tiin-daeeŋ
'red-footed hawk'
Burung Falco Lalat
'freckled falcon (bird)' (falco, mistake for falko; from Latin 'falco')
 
Falco columbarius
link to photolink to photo
Merlin

Faucon émerillon
Chim Cắt lưng xám
'grey-backed falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  灰背隼
(灰背隼)
huī-bèi sǔn
'grey-backed falcon'
Taiwan:
(灰背隼)
灰背隼
huī-bèi zhǔn
'grey-backed falcon'
コチョウゲンボウ
(小長元坊)
ko chōgenbō
'small kestrel'
เหยี่ยวเมอร์ลิน
yìaw moee-lin
'merlin hawk' (moee-lin from English 'merlin')
   
Falco subbuteo
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian hobby
Northern hobby
Hobby

Faucon hobereau
Chim Cắt Trung Quốc
'Chinese falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  燕隼
(燕隼)
yàn-sǔn
'swallow falcon'
Taiwan:
(燕隼)
燕隼
yàn-zhǔn
'swallow falcon'
チゴハヤブサ
(稚児隼)
chigo hayabusa
'child falcon'
เหยี่ยวฮอบบี้พันธุ์ยุโรป
yìaw hôaap-bîi pʰan yú-rôop
'European species hobby hawk' (hôaap-bîi from English 'hobby')
Burung Helang Hobby
'hobby hawk (bird)' (hobby from English) (26)
Burung Falko Hobi Utara
'northern hobby falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco'; hobi from English 'hobby') (25)
Burung Falko Utara
'northern falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco') (24)
Burung Alap-alap Walet
'swiftlet falcon (bird)' (from Javanese alap-alap 'hawk')
Falco severus
link to photo
Oriental hobby

Faucon aldrovandin
Chim Cắt bụng hung
'reddish-bellied falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
  猛隼
(猛隼)
měng-sǔn
'savage falcon'
ミナミチゴハヤブサ
(南稚児隼)
minami chigo hayabusa
'southern child falcon'
เหยี่ยวฮอบบี้พันธุ์เอเชีย
yìaw hôaap-bîi pʰan ee-cʰia
'Asian species hobby hawk' (hôaap-bîi from English 'hobby')
Burung Falko Hobi Timur
'eastern hobby falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco'; hobi from English 'hobby') (25)
Burung Alap-alap Macan
'tiger falcon (bird)' (from Javanese alap-alap 'hawk'; macan = Javanese 'tiger')
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Falco jugger Laggar falcon

Faucon laggar
Chim Cắt Ấn Độ
'Indian falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
  印度猎隼
(印度獵隼)
yìndù liè-sǔn
'Indian hunting falcon'
ラガーハヤブサ
(ラガー隼)
ragā hayabusa
'laggar falcon'
    
Falco peregrinus
link to photolink to photo
Peregrine falcon

Faucon pèlerin
Chim Cắt lớn
'large falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  游隼
(遊隼)
yóu-sǔn
'roaming falcon'
Taiwan:
(游隼)
遊隼
yóu zhǔn
'roaming falcon'
Former Taiwan alternative:
()

zhǔn
'falcon'
ハヤブサ
()
hayabusa
'falcon'
เหยี่ยวเพเรกริน
yìaw pʰee-ree-krin
'peregrine hawk' (pʰee-ree-krin from English 'peregrine')
Burung Helang Peregrine
'peregrine hawk (bird)' (peregrine from English) (26)
Burung Falko Peregrin
'peregrine falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco'; peregrin from English 'peregrine') (25)
Burung Falko Belalang
'grasshopper falcon (bird)' (falko from Latin 'falco') (24)
Burung Alap-alap Kawah
'escarpment falcon (bird)' (from Javanese alap-alap 'hawk')

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009