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Falconidae
隼科
sǔn kē

隼科
zhǔn kē

ハヤブサ科
hayabusa ka

매과
mae-gwa

Họ Cắt

Шонхорынхон
shoŋkhoriŋkhoŋ

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Chinese term for 'falcon' is sǔn or zhǔn (the second reading is now used only in Taiwan). An old word for 'falcon' is .

Falco altaicus: Howard & Moore 2003 treat F. altaicus as a morph of F. cherrug milvipes. Where recognised as a species, the Altai Falcon is known as: 阿尔泰隼 ā'ěrtài sǔn 'Altai falcon'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
FALCONINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
FALCONINI
Microhierax
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Microhierax caerulescens
link to photolink to photo
Collared falconet
Red-thighed falconet
红腿小隼
(紅腿小隼)
hóng-tuǐ xiǎo sǔn
'red-legged small falcon'
    モモアカヒメハヤブサ
(股赤姫隼)
momo-aka hime hayabusa
'red-thighed princess falcon'
  Chim Cắt nhỏ bụng hung
'reddish-bellied small falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
 
Microhierax melanoleucos
link to photo
Pied falconet
White-legged falconet
白腿小隼
(白腿小隼)
bái-tuǐ xiǎo sǔn
'white-legged small falcon'
or
小隼
(小隼)
xiǎo sǔn
'small falcon' (alt in 1)
    マダラヒメハヤブサ
(斑姫隼)
madara hime hayabusa
'spotted princess falcon'
  Chim Cắt nhỏ bụng trắng
'white-bellied small falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
 
Falco
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Falco naumanni
link to photolink to photo
Lesser kestrel 黄爪隼
(黄爪隼)
huáng-zhuǎ sǔn
'yellow-clawed falcon'
    ヒメチョウゲンボウ
(姫長元坊)
hime chōgenbō
'princess kestrel'
    Зээрд шонхор
ᠵᠡᠬᠡᠷᠳ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
zeerd shoŋkhor
'chestnut-coloured falcon₁'
Inner M:
Зээрд шонхор
ᠵᠡᠬᠡᠷᠳ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
zeerd shoŋkhor
'chestnut-coloured falcon₁' (32)
Falco tinnunculus
link to photolink to photo
Common kestrel
Eurasian kestrel
Kestrel
红隼
(紅隼)
hóng sǔn
'red falcon'
(红隼)
紅隼
hóng zhǔn
'red falcon'
茶隼
(茶鷹)
chá sǔn
'tea (brown?) falcon'
红鹰
(紅鷹)
hóng yīng
'red hawk'
黄燕
(黃燕)
huáng yàn
'yellow swallow'
红鹞子
(紅鷂子)
hóng yàozi
'red sparrowhawk'
チョウゲンボウ
(長元坊)
chōgenbō
'kestrel'
황조롱이
hwang-jorongi
'yellow sparrowhawk'
Chim Cắt lưng hung
'reddish-backed falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Начин шонхор
ᠨᠠᠴᠢᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
nachiŋ shoŋkhor
'falcon₂ falcon₁'
Inner M:
Шонхор
ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
shoŋkhor
'falcon₁' (32)
Falco vespertinus
link to photo
Red-footed falcon
Western red-footed falcon
西红脚隼
(西紅腳隼)
xī hóng-jiǎo sǔn
'western red-footed falcon' (2, 4)
红脚隼
(紅腳隼)
hóng-jiǎo sǔn
'red-footed falcon' (3)
›Taxonomy‹
    ニシアカアシチョウゲンボウ
(西赤足長元坊)
nishi aka-ashi chōgenbō
'western red-legged kestrel'
    Турамтай шонхор
ᠲᠣᠷᠠᠮᠠᠲᠠᠢ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
turamtai shoŋkhor
'turamtai falcon₁'
Inner M:
Улаавар хөлт хүйхнэг
ᠣᠯᠠᠪᠢᠷ ᠬᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠢᠬᠦᠨᠡᠭ
ulaavar khölt khüikhneg
'reddish-legged hobby' (31) (Shared with Falco amurensis)
Falco amurensis
link to photo
Amur falcon
Eastern red-footed falcon
Manchurian red-footed falcon
Red-legged falcon
红脚隼
(紅腳隼)
hóng-jiǎo sǔn
'red-footed falcon' (1, 2, 4, 5)
阿穆尔隼
(阿穆爾隼)
āmū'ěr sǔn
'Amur falcon' (3)
›Taxonomy‹
(红脚隼)
紅腳隼
hóng-jiǎo zhǔn
'red-footed falcon'
黑花鹞
(黑花鷂)
hēi huā yào
'black flowery sparrowhawk'
蚂蚱鹰
(螞蚱鷹)
màzha-yīng
'locust (dial.) hawk' (also F. subbuteo)
青鹰
(青鷹)
qīng yīng
'green/blue hawk'
青燕子
qīng yànzi
'green/blue swallow'
白指甲鹞
(白指甲鷂)
bái zhǐjia yào
'white nail sparrowhawk'
红腿鴪隼
(紅腿鴪隼)
hóng-tuǐ yù-zhǔn
'red-legged falcon'
アカアシチョウゲンボウ
(赤足長元坊)
aka-ashi chōgenbō
'red-legged kestrel'
비둘기조롱이
bidulgi-jorongi
'pigeon sparrowhawk'
Chim Cắt Amur
'Amur falcon (bird)' (13)
Chim Cắt Amua
'Amur falcon (bird)' (34)
Амарын шонхор
ᠠᠮᠣᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
amariŋ shoŋkhor
'Amur falcon₁'
Inner M:
Улаан хөлт хүйхнэг
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠭᠦᠢᠬᠦᠨᠡᠭ
ulaaŋ khölt khüikhneg
'red-legged hobby' (32)
Falco columbarius
link to photolink to photo
Merlin 灰背隼
(灰背隼)
huī-bèi sǔn
'grey-backed falcon'
(灰背隼)
灰背隼
huī-bèi zhǔn
'grey-backed falcon'
  コチョウゲンボウ
(小長元坊)
ko chōgenbō
'small kestrel'
쇠황조롱이
soe-hwang-jorongi
'small yellow sparrowhawk'
Chim Cắt lưng xám
'grey-backed falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Хайргууна шонхор
ᠬᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠭᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
khairguun shoŋkhor
'khairguun falcon₁'
Inner M:
Хайргууна шонхор
ᠬᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠭᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
khairguun shoŋkhor
'khairguun falcon₁' (32)
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Falco subbuteo
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian hobby
Northern hobby
Hobby
燕隼
(燕隼)
yàn-sǔn
'swallow falcon'
(燕隼)
燕隼
yàn-zhǔn
'swallow falcon'
土鹘
(土鶻)
tǔ-hú
'dirt falcon' (old name)
儿隼
(兒隼)
ér-sǔn
'child falcon'
青条子
(青條子)
qīng-tiáozi
'green/blue stripe'
虫鹞
(蟲鷂)
chóng yào
'insect sparrowhawk'
蚂蚱鹰
(螞蚱鷹)
màzha-yīng
'locust (dial.) hawk'
チゴハヤブサ
(稚児隼)
chigo hayabusa
'child falcon'
새홀리기
saeholligi
'hobby' (sae='bird')
Chim Cắt Trung Quốc
'Chinese falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Шууман шонхор
ᠱᠣᠣᠮᠠᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
shuumaŋ shoŋkhor
'shuuman falcon₁'
Inner M:
Хүйхнэг
ᠭᠦᠢᠭᠦᠨᠡᠭ
khüikhneg
'hobby' (31, 32)
Falco severus
link to photo
Oriental hobby 猛隼
(猛隼)
měng-sǔn
'savage falcon'
    ミナミチゴハヤブサ
(南稚児隼)
minami chigo hayabusa
'southern child falcon'
  Chim Cắt bụng hung
'reddish-bellied falcon (bird)' (12, 34)
 
Falco cherrug
link to photolink to photo
Saker falcon 猎隼
(獵隼)
liè-sǔn
'hunting falcon'
    セーカーハヤブサ
(セーカー隼)
sēkā hayabusa
'saker falcon'
헨다손매
hendason-mae
'Henderson (?) hawk'
  Идлэг шонхор
ᠢᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
idleg shoŋkhor
'hawk falcon₁' (idleg refers to a kind of hawk, identity unclear)
Inner M:
Идлэг шонхор
ᠢᠳᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
idleg shoŋkhor
'hawk falcon₁' (idleg refers to a kind of hawk, identity unclear) (32)
Falco rusticolus
Falco gyrfalco
link to photo
Gyrfalcon
Gyr falcon
矛隼
(矛隼)
máo-sǔn
'lance falcon'
  海东青
(海東青)
hǎi-dōng-qīng
'sea-east-green/blue' (literal)
海青
(海青)
hǎi-qīng
'sea-green/blue' (literal)
シロハヤブサ
(白隼)
shiro hayabusa
'white falcon'
    Цагаан шонхор
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
tsagaaŋ shoŋkhor
'white falcon₁'
Inner M:
Цагаан шонхор
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
tsagaaŋ shoŋkhor
'white falcon₁' (32)
Falco peregrinus
link to photolink to photo
Peregrine falcon 游隼
(遊隼)
yóu-sǔn
'roaming falcon'
Taiwan:
(游隼)
遊隼
yóu zhǔn
'roaming falcon'

Falco pelegrinoides:
拟游隼
(擬遊隼)
nǐ yóu-sǔn
'pseudo roaming falcon' (2, 4, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
(游隼)
遊隼
yóu zhǔn
'roaming falcon'
Taiwan former alternative:
()

zhǔn
'falcon'

()

'falcon' (old)
鸭虎
(鴨虎)
yā-hǔ
'duck tiger' (old)
鸭鹘
(鴨鶻)
yā-hú
'duck falcon'
花梨鹰
(花梨鷹)
huā-lí yīng
'flowery pear hawk'
黑背花梨鸭
(黑背花梨鴨)
hēi-bèi huā-lí yā
'black-backed flowery pear duck'
ハヤブサ
()
hayabusa
'falcon'
Falco pelegrinoides:
バーバリーハヤブサ
(バーバリー隼)
bābarii hayabusa
'Barbary falcon'

mae
'hawk'
Chim Cắt lớn
'large falcon (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Эгэл шонхор
ᠡᠭᠡᠯ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
egel shoŋkhor
'common falcon₁'
Inner M:
Начин
ᠨᠠᠴᠢᠨ
nachiŋ
'falcon₂' (31, 32)

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009