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Paridae
Họ Bạc má

山雀科
shān-què kē

山雀科
shān-què kē

シジュウカラ科
shijū-kara ka

วงศ์นกติต
woŋ nók tìt

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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Vietnamese name for the tits is Bạc má or 'silver-cheek'. The Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea) is known as Chim mào vàng 'yellow crested bird'. (TVC (34) gives it the name Chào mào 'bulbul₁ (bird)', which all sources (including TVC itself) use for the Red-whiskered Bulbul.)

Bui Phung's Vietnamese-English dictionary lists Chim sẻ ngô 'maize sparrow' as a name for what it calls a "blue tit".

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Sylviparus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Sylviparus modestus
link to photo
Yellow-browed tit

Mésange modeste
Chim Bạc má rừng
'forest silver-cheek bird' (12, 13, 34)
  黄眉林雀
(黄眉林雀)
huáng-méi lín-què
'yellow-eyebrowed forest-finch'
メジロガラ
(目白雀)
me-jiro gara
'white-eyed tit'
นกติตคิ้วเหลือง
nók tìt kʰíw-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-eyebrowed tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
   
Melanochlora
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Melanochlora sultanea
Parus sultanea
link to photo
Sultan tit

Mésange sultane
Chim mào vàng
'yellow crested bird' (12)
Chim Chào mào
'bulbul₁ (bird)' (34) (conflicts with Pycnonotus jocosus)
冕雀
(冕雀)
miǎn-què
'official-headdress finch'
サルタンガラ
(サルタン雀)
sarutan gara
'sultan tit'
นกติตสุลต่าน
nók tìt sŭnlatàan
'sultan tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
Burung Serai Raja
'king palace-bird'
Burung Serai Sultan
'sultan palace-bird'
Burung Gelatuk-batu Gunung
'mountain rock chatterer (bird)' (onomat.) (cf Java sparrow)
Parus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Parus monticolus
link to photo
Green-backed tit

Mésange montagnarde
Chim Bạc má bụng vàng
'yellow-bellied silver-cheek bird' (12, 13, 34)
  绿背山雀
(綠背山雀)
lǜ-bèi shān-què
'green-backed mountain-finch'
Taiwan:
(青背山雀)
青背山雀
qīng-bèi shān-què
'green/blue-backed mountain-finch'
キバラシジュウカラ
(黄腹四十雀)
ki-bara shijū-kara
'yellow-bellied forty tit'
     
Parus cinereus Cinereous Tit

Mésange indienne
Chim Bạc má
'silver-cheek bird' (12, 13, 34)
  大山雀
(大山雀)
dà shān-què
'large mountain-finch'
Taiwan:
(白颊山雀)
白頰山雀
bái-jiá shān-què
'white-cheeked mountain-finch'
シジュウカラ
(四十雀)
shijū-kara
'forty tit'
นกติตใหญ่
nók tìt yày
'large tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
Burung Serai Bakau
'mangrove palace-bird' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu
'grey rock chatterer (bird)' (onomat.) (cf Java sparrow)
Machlolophus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Machlolophus spilonotus
Parus spilonotus
link to photo
Yellow-cheeked tit
Chinese yellow tit

Mésange à dos tacheté
Chim Bạc má mào
'crested silver-cheek bird' (12, 13)
Chim Bạc má má vàng
'yellow-cheeked silver-cheek bird' (34)
黄颊山雀
(黃頰山雀)
huáng-jiá shān-què
'yellow-cheeked mountain-finch'
ルリカンムリガラ
(瑠璃冠雀 or 琉璃冠雀)
ruri kanmuri gara
'lapis lazuli crested tit'
นกติตแก้มเหลือง
nók tìt kʰâeem-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-cheeked tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
   

The term 山雀 shān-què 'mountain finch' (or 'mountain sparrow') is the ornithological name for the tits (Paridae). The name has possibly been influenced by Japanese ヤマガラ yama-gara, written 山雀, which is the name of the Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius). Within the Paridae, Mainland usage now reserves 山雀 for species that at the time belonged to the genus Parus. Other genera use the abbreviated form 雀 què.

Chinese ornithologists reserved the term 山雀 shān-què 'mountain finch' (or 'mountain sparrow') for the genus Parus. Other genera are simply called 雀 què 'sparrow/finch. With Parus now split into several genera, the motivation for this distinction has been lost.

นกติต nók tìt 'tit₃' in (21, 22, 23) is used for all birds called 'tits' in English. In addition to the Paridae, these include the Remizidae and the Aegithalidae.

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009